Jun 14, 2007 · The juvenile justice system and the adult justice system share their commonalities and differences. For example, the juvenile justice system makes it the point to rehabilitate instead of to punish juvenile delinquents. The lawyers in either a juvenile or adult criminal court have the right to question and cross examine witnesses. Moreover, both juvenile and adult defendants are protected from self-incrimination. Beyond these similarities, these two systems of justice are quite different.
The juvenile justice system follows a psychological casework approach, taking into account a detailed assessment of the youth's history in order to meet his or her specific needs. The juvenile. The adult justice system involves incarcerated individuals ages 18 and older (or 16 and older depending on the jurisdiction). The National Center on Institutions and Alternatives, which provides suicide prevention services in these settings, recommends that screening for suicide risk be done on an ongoing basis and that special attention be given during periods of high risk, such as admission.