May 09, 2013 · Malcolm Shepherd Knowles (1913 – 1997) was an American educator well known for the use of the term Andragogy as synonymous to adult education. According to Malcolm Knowles, andragogy is the art and science of adult learning, thus andragogy refers to any form of adult learning.Author: Christopher Pappas. Malcolm Knowles defined the term andragogy in the 1970s as ‘the art and science of helping adults learn.’ Knowles identified the six principles of adult learning: 1. Adults are internally motivated and self-directed. Adult learners make choices relevant to their learning objectives.
Sep 30, 2017 · Andragogy (Adult Learning Theory) Andragogy, also known as adult learning theory, was proposed by Malcom Shepard Knowles in 1968. Previously, much research and attention had been given to the concept of pedagogy – teaching children. Knowles recognized that there are many differences in the ways that adults learn as opposed to children.